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Essential Elements That Must Contain (Or Not!) In Your Curriculum Vitae

Essential Elements That Must Contain (Or Not!) In Your Curriculum Vitae

The ‘right’ way to write a curriculum vitae seems to change every month. Since the rules keep evolving, how do you know what you should or should not include in your resume?

The first rule when writing a resume is to summarize the job you want. Your experience, skills, and abilities should all reflect the position for which you would like to be hired. How to do it? Here are some timeless rules you should follow when writing your curriculum vitae:

What Does It Contain?

Your Name and Contact Details

You may be amazed at the number of people who forget to include this vital information. Be certain to put your contact information at the beginning of your resume where recruiters will not be able to miss it. A telephone number and a personal (but professional looking) email address should suffice. Do not use the email address of your current job. Also, enter only the contact information that hiring managers can use as they see fit.


A summary at the beginning of your curriculum vitae allows recruiters to know your strengths at a glance. Make sure to write a short and direct summary. Avoid any inconsistency. Enter only information related to your employment history and skills. You are not writing your memoirs.

Job History

This is the essence of your curriculum vitae. State your experiences in reverse chronological order, adding a few points about your achievements to each position. In general, we recommend that you only register the roles related to the job you are applying for.


Your post-secondary education, if you have finished it, is the highlight here. Enter the details of your high school education only if you graduated recently or if it is your highest level of education.

Prizes and Certificates

Prizes have a positive effect on you. If you have won a prize, do not hesitate to brag about it!! Certificates or awards you have earned in your field will make you stand out from other candidates.

Examples and Parameters

Recruiters love quantifiable information. Provide facts and figures about your accomplishments to confirm your statements rather than just vague statements. Do not write: “the project was a success.” Write instead: “the project has increased revenues by 30%”.

Social Media

If you are professionally active on social media, do not hesitate to state it on your curriculum vitae. LinkedIn and Twitter are often advantageous since they are frequently used in the field of work. However, Facebook and Instagram are usually used for personal purposes, and this is why it is recommended not to mention them. Think of it this way: If you are not 100% comfortable knowing that your boss is reading any of your messages, do not talk about it.


When writing a curriculum vitae, the ‘skills’ section is a gray area between what’s good and what’s bad. Some skills are sought, especially when they relate to specific software or industry. On the other hand, generic qualities such as ‘organized,’ ‘working,’ ‘likes to work with people’ or ‘team spirit’ have been abused to the point of disgust. You will be better able to demonstrate these general skills through your achievements than by stating them purely and simply.

Links To Your Work

If you are looking for a job in the creative field, such as writing or designing, recruiters will greatly appreciate finding a link leading to your portfolio. Just make sure the link looks professional and easy to type if you use the printed version of your resume.

Creative Design

A creative concept to help your curriculum vitae stand out among others that are presented simply in black and white. Make sure, however, that the concept does not overshadow the content. Your resume should still include relevant information about your qualifications. It should also allow for textual search, as many companies pre-screen resumes using the software.

The Truth

Do not even think about inventing skills or beautifying your experience. Even if a lie could help you get an interview, the truth will come out before long. Be honest, work hard and get your dream job sooner than you think.

What Does Not Have To Contain?

An Objective Statement

Any good guide to writing a curriculum vitae will teach you that objective statements go back to the last century. Do not be bothered by this archaic custom. Hiring managers know that your goal is to get a job, no matter how you express yourself.

State The Details Of Your Education

Did you attend elementary school? Everyone did it! You might think this is an interesting fact, but you can use the space better. Do not dwell on the education that preceded high school. You can even remove this information if you have studied further than high school or if you have full-time work experience.

What You Did Before High School

If this is an experience lived before the age of 18, you should delete it from your resume. Winning the ‘most punctual’ student award when you were 12 years old is irrelevant and is a pretty ridiculous piece of information about your resume. It’s like you’ve never done anything more recently.

Personal Information To Excess

Personal information includes your date of birth, marital status, political affiliation, religious affiliation, information about your children and anything that hiring managers are not allowed to know. Employers are not allowed to consider this information when hiring, so you have no reason to mention it.


A few years ago, there was a tendency to include your portrait on your curriculum vitae. It may seem like a fun way to get visual interest, but no. The pictures of yourself may seem futile or even forget your true qualities.

Text Walls

When a friend sends you an article that looks like a wall of text that has little or no air, you think how exhausting it is to read. You probably decide it’s not worth it and you move on. The same is true of curriculum vitae. Make sure you include your information promptly and that it is easy to scan (for example, with bullets or subtitles) to make your resume more inviting.

Page 3

There is no cause for your curriculum vitae to go to a third page. If you are unable to summarize your resume on two pages or less, you lack a professionally crucial skill – conciseness. Look at your resume and see what it’s worth to include. A curriculum vitae on one page is even better.

Creative Design

That is true. Creative concepts have a positive side and a negative side. If you do not have the eye to create a clean and clearly defined concept, do not even try to be creative. Badly matched fonts and color combinations that shock the eye are distracting. Even worse, they do not look professional. If in doubt, limit yourself to black and white. Even better, look for an existing curriculum vitae template that is both simple and attractive.


You might think that you look smart using words like “synergy” in your curriculum vitae, but recruiters do not see it the same way. Avoid jargon to limit yourself to a language that is both clear and concise to say only the essentials.

Have you followed these rules on writing a curriculum vitae? Would you like to share your own rules? We would like to hear your comments on social media.

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